Plants and their Properties

The plants listed below are in alphabetic order of their common name. Underneath each name, and as to avoid confusing similar species, is the latin name. The last line of each row presents the 6 Ayurvedic tastes (Astringent, Bitter, Pungent, Salty, Sour, Sweet). Energy wise, some plants are cooling (-) and others heating (+). The post-digestive effect can be Pungent, Sour or Sweet. The dosha column refers to the action each plant has over the doshas: V for vata, P for pitta and K for kapha; + indicates an increase, – a decrease and 0 is neutral or has a mixed effect. VPK= balances the three doshas. The actions columns show the therapeutical properties of the plants.

Some care should be taken while using this information. In some cases not all the properties are listed in the table. Also, different parts of some plants are more suitable for specific conditions and might have different applications. For this, always consult other herbal sources or practicioners when using the table below.

Consulte a Tabela de plantas


The Ayurvedic approach to the use of plants involves the study of their energy. The properties of plants are systematically classified according to their taste, components, cooling or heating effects, post-digestive effect and other special properties they might present. Unlike the complexity of the chemical analysis, this simple energy system that clarifies the basic properties of plants represents the basis for the understanding of Ayurvedic herbal medicine.

We chose to present 13 categories:

  1. Alterative
  2. Anti-parasitic and anti-helminthic
  3. Astringents
  4. Bitter tonic and antipyretic
  5. Carminative
  6. Diaphoretic
  7. Diuretic
  8. Emmenagogue
  9. Expectorant, emollient and demulcent
  10. Laxative and purgative
  11. Nervine and antispasmodic
  12. Stimulants and Digestive
  13. Tonic
    a.  Nutritional
    b.  Rejuvenating
    c.  Aphrodisiac
%d bloggers like this: